Types Of Food Disorders: Symptoms Explained

Food Disorder

Eating disorders are a category of psychological conditions that cause unhealthy eating patterns to develop. They could start with a fixation with food, body weight, or body shape.

If left untreated, eating disorders can have serious health consequences, even death in extreme cases.

Individuals suffering from eating disorders may present a variety of symptoms. On the other hand, the majority exhibit severe dietary restrictions, eating binges, or purging behaviors such as vomiting or over-exercising. 

Even though eating disorders can affect people of any gender at any age, they are more typically seen in teenagers and young women. By the age of 20, up to 13% of adolescents may have at least one eating issue.

How Do Food Disorders Happen?

According to medical specialists, eating disorders can be induced by a variety of factors. One of these is genetics. According to research, eating disorders may be hereditary, involving twins who were separated at birth and adopted by different families.

This type of research has often revealed that if one twin has an eating disorder, the other has a 50% chance of having one, on average. Another factor is personality qualities. Neuroticism, perfectionism, and impulsivity are three personality qualities frequently associated with an increased risk of developing an eating disorder. If you want premium Rehab facilities to treat Eating Disorders, then Luxury ED treatment Programs are the best options.

Other causes include perceived demands for thinness, cultural wishes for thinness, and media exposure that supports such standards.

The Two Most Dreadful Types Of Food Disorders

Following are the two most dreadful and deadly food disorders which can be fatal:

1. Anorexia Nervosa

It usually manifests itself throughout adolescence or early adulthood, affecting more women than males. People suffering from anorexia may believe they are overweight despite being dangerously underweight. They are constantly watching their weight, avoiding certain foods, and severely limiting their calorie intake.

Symptoms

  • Being significantly underweight in comparison to people of comparable age and height
  • Very restrictive eating patterns 
  • An intense fear of gaining weight or persistent behaviors to prevent gaining weight, despite being underweight
  • A relentless pursuit of thinness and refusal to maintain a healthy weight
  • A significant impact of body weight or perceived body form on self-esteem a skewed body image, including denial of being severely underweight

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are also common. For example, many anorexics are consumed with frequent food ideas, and some may excessively gather recipes or hoard food. Such people may also struggle to eat in public and have a strong desire to control their environment, restricting their capacity to be spontaneous.

Anorexia is formally classified into two subtypes: restrictive anorexia and binge eating and purging anorexia. Individuals with the limiting personality type lose weight solely through diets, fasting, or strenuous exercise.

People purge after eating by vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics, or exercising excessively in both circumstances.

Anorexia can be extremely harmful to the body. Individuals living with it may have bone thinning, infertility, brittle hair and nails, and the growth of a coating of fine hair all over their bodies over time.

Anorexia can cause heart, brain, or multi-organ failure and death in difficult situations.

Summary: People suffering from anorexia nervosa may restrict their food intake or compensate by engaging in various purging practices. They are terrified of gaining weight, even if they are very underweight.

2. Bulimia Nervosa

Another well-known eating disorder is bulimia nervosa.

Bulimia, like anorexia, appears to be less common in men than in women and develops between adolescence and early adulthood. Bulimics commonly consume enormous amounts of food in a short period.

Each binge eating episode often lasts until the person is full. During a binge, the person usually feels unable to stop eating or regulate how much they consume. Binges can occur with any food, although they are most typically associated with meals the consumer would normally avoid.

Individuals with bulimia will then attempt to purge to compensate for the calories consumed and alleviate gastrointestinal discomfort. Forcible vomiting, fasting, laxatives, diuretics, enemas, and extreme exercise are all examples of common purging habits.

Symptoms

The following are some of the most common bulimia nervosa symptoms:

  • Symptoms may resemble anorexia nervosa’s binge eating or purging subtypes.
  • Individuals who have bulimia, on the other hand, usually maintain a reasonably normal weight rather than becoming underweight.
  • Recurring binge eating episodes with a sense of helplessness
  • Recurring bouts of improper purging to avoid weight gain
  • Self-esteem that is excessively impacted by body form and weight; a dread of gaining weight despite being of normal weight

Bulimia can cause an irritated and sore throat, enlarged salivary glands, damaged tooth enamel, tooth decay, acid reflux, stomach discomfort, severe dehydration, and hormone disruptions. Bulimia can also cause an imbalance in electrolyte levels, such as sodium, potassium, and calcium. This can result in a stroke or a heart attack.

In summary, people suffering from bulimia nervosa eat a lot of food in a short period, then purge. Despite being at a healthy weight, they are afraid of gaining weight.

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