Puff Pastry Vs Phyllo | Know The Difference

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Are you torn between puff pastry and phyllo for your next baking project? You’re not alone! These two versatile doughs are staples in the kitchens of bakers and home cooks, each with unique qualities and use. 

puff pastry vs phyllo comparison

Are you wondering about the difference between puff pastry vs phyllo? Well, puff pastry is a kind of dough made mainly from flour and butter.

It’s known for its flakey and layered texture. On the other hand, phyllo is a thin layered dough made with oil and water. It’s known for its thin, crisp texture. 

Both are delicious in their way and can be used in a variety of savory dishes. But how do you decide which to use when the stakes are high, and you want to impress your family and friends? Worry not, as we are here to help! 

In this epic showdown, we’ll pit puff pastry against phyllo to see which one comes out on top. Will it be the flaky, buttery goodness of puff pastry or the delicate and crisp layers of phyllo? Read on to find out!

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Difference Table

Basis Of DifferencePuff PastryPhyllo
OriginIt originated in France.It originated in Greece.
Fat ContentHigh-Calorie Fat ContentLow-calorie Fat Content
PreparationIt’s mainly prepared with flour and butter.It’s prepared with flour, oil, and water.
AppearanceIt has a flakey, layered appearance.It is rolled out into sheets and translucent when baked.
TextureFlakey and layered textureThin, crisp, and delicate texture
UsesUsed in making croissants, turnovers, and piesUsed in making Baklava, and spanakopita

What Is Puff Pastry?

Puff Pastry In Hand

Puff pastry dough is made from flour, water, salt, and butter. It’s known for its flaky, layered texture and is often used to make pastries like croissants and pies.

Puff pastry is made by rolling out the dough and placing a layer of butter on top, then folding the dough and rolling it out again. 

This process is repeated several times, creating layers of dough and butter. When baked, the moisture from the butter turns to steam and causes the layers of dough to separate, creating the characteristic flaky texture of puff pastry.

It’s a versatile dough that is used in a variety of sweet and savory dishes. It’s often rolled out and cut into shapes or used to enclose fillings, and it can be sweetened with sugar or left savory. 

What Is Phyllo?

Phyllo On Grey Surface

Phyllo dough, also known as “filo” or “fillo,” is made from flour, water, and oil. It’s a very thin and delicate dough and is often used to make pastries like baklava and spanakopita. 

It is made by rolling out the dough very thin and then layering it in sheets. When baked, the layers of phyllo become crisp and flaky, adding a crunchy texture to dishes.

Phyllo dough is often brushed with butter or oil before baking to add flavor and prevent it from drying.

Phyllo dough is popular in many countries in the Mediterranean and Middle East and is widely available in grocery stores.

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | What Are The Similarities Between The Two?

Well, first of all, both puff pastry and phyllo are used in a variety of sweet and savory dishes. They both have a flaky, layered texture and can be used similarly, such as being rolled out and cut into shapes or used to enclose fillings.

Another similarity between puff pastry and phyllo is that they are both widely available in grocery stores and can be found in many bakeries.

They are convenient ingredients to have on hand for last-minute baking projects or for adding a special touch to a dish.

Moreover, both can be sweetened with sugar or left savory, depending on the recipe and the intended use.

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Difference Between The Two

Kneading Phyllo With Rolling Pin

Puff Pastries and phyllo have some distinct differences that I will address today. In the previous difference table, I mentioned all the differences with you. Now let’s look at all differences in detail to help you with which one is better. 

1. Origin 

Puff pastry, also known as “pâte feuilletée” in French, is believed to have originated in the 16th century in France.

It is thought to have been created by a French cook named Claudius Gele, who is credited with developing the technique of layering butter and dough to create a flaky texture. 

Phyllo, on the other hand, has a longer history dating back to ancient Greece. It is believed to have originated in the Byzantine Empire. It is popular in many countries in the Mediterranean and Middle East.

Both have evolved over the years and become popular worldwide, but they have different cultural histories and roots.

2. Fat Content

First, let’s talk about puff pastry. This delicious dough has a lot of butter. You might as well jump into a pool of melted butter and call it a day. That gives puff pastry its flaky, layered texture and rich flavor. So, it’s worth it.

Phyll is still delicious, don’t get me wrong, but it’s not quite as rich and indulgent as puff pastry. It’s got a nice, crispy texture and is great for layering. But it does not contain butter. 

Butter is brushed over the dough before baking to prevent it from drying out, but it lacks buttery goodness. 

So, now you know which one contains more fat! It’s the puff pastry – the queen of all doughs. At the same time, phyllo remains on the lighter and crisper side. 

3. Preparation 

Talking about the difference in their preparation, making puff pastry requires patience. It starts with rolling out the dough and placing a layer of butter on top, then folding the dough and rolling it out again. 

You repeat the process several times to create layers of buttery goodness. It’s a lot of work for sure – but worth it.

Phyllo, on the other hand, needs less work to prepare. To prepare this, roll out the dough very thin and layer it in sheets. You need the phyllo’s delicate, light, and thin texture before using it in recipes.

So, in terms of preparation, phyllo wins! It takes less time to prepare in comparison to puff pastry. 

4. Appearance 

Pastry puff looks like a fluffy white cloud – it’s pale in color and has a flaky, layered appearance. It’s usually used to make pies and layered pastries. 

Phyllo is a delicate dough and has got a unique charm. It’s thin, crisp, and has a delicate, almost translucent appearance when baked. It’s often layered in sheets and cut into shapes. It’s a bit more subtle than puff pastry, but it’s still delicious.

5. Texture

Well, if we’re talking about the difference in texture between pastry puff and phyllo, it’s like comparing a fluffy, buttery pastry to a crispy, delicate dough. 

Pastry puff is a light and airy dough. On the other hand, phyllo is a thin and flaky dough. So, in a nutshell, pastry puffs are big and have a soft pillowy texture, while phyllo has a light and shatteringly crisp texture.

6. Uses 

Now let’s know the uses of puff pastry in cooking. Here are a few ways you can use puff pastry in cooking:

  • Turn It Into Appetizers Or Snacks: You can cut puff pastry into small shapes and fill them with savory fillings like cheese and herbs or sweet fillings like fruit and chocolate.
  • Make Savory Tarts: You can use puff pastry as a base for savory tarts and quiches. Roll out the puff pastry and place it in a tart tin, then add your desired filling and bake.
  • Create Sweet Pastries: Puff pastry is also great for making sweet pastries like cream puffs, eclairs, and fruit tarts.
  • Top Dishes With Puff Pastry: You can also use puff pastry to top dishes like pot pies or casseroles for a crispy and flaky finish.

Now I will tell the uses of phyllo in cooking:

  • Make Savory Pastries: Phyllo is often used to make savory pastries like spanakopita and baklava. You can layer the phyllo sheets with fillings like cheese, meat, or vegetables, then bake or fry them until they are crispy and golden brown.
  • Create Sweet Pastries: Besides savory dishes, phyllo is also commonly used to make sweet pastries like baklava and fruit tarts. You can layer the phyllo sheets with a sweet filling and drizzle with syrup or glaze to create a delicious dessert.
  • Use It As A Topping: Phyllo can also be used for topping dishes like casseroles or meat pies. Brush the phyllo sheets with butter or oil and place them on top of the filling before baking.

Top Recipes To Make With Puff Pastry

1. Chicken Pot Pie

Chicken Pot Pie Served On Plate

Enjoy the most delicious comfort food: chicken pot pie. This classic dish is guaranteed to warm your soul and fill you up completely. 

This classic comfort food is made by filling a pie dish with diced chicken, vegetables, and a creamy sauce and then topping it with puff pastry. The pastry is then baked until it’s golden brown and flaky.

2. Beef Wellington

Attention all fancy foodies! Are you ready to impress your friends and family with a dish that looks like it came straight from a five-star restaurant? Then get ready to make beef, wellington! 

This dish is made by wrapping a filet of beef in puff pastry and a layer of mixture. Prepare the mixture with diced mushrooms, onions, herbs, and prosciutto. The whole package is baked until the pastry is golden and the beef is cooked to your desired level of doneness.

3. Fruit Tarts 

Fruit Tart Served

Are you ready to turn your kitchen into a fancy French patisserie? Well, grab your apron, and let’s get baking! These fruit tarts perfectly combine sweet, flaky pastry and fresh, colorful fruit. Plus, they’re super easy to make.

Puff pastry is a perfect base for fruit tarts, as it provides a flaky, buttery crust that pairs well with a variety of sweet fillings.

Roll out the puff pastry to line a tart pan, then fill it with a mixture of your favorite fresh or cooked fruit and a dollop of whipped cream or pastry cream.

4. Palmiers

Attention all pastry lovers! Are you ready to indulge in a delicious treat that’s both sweet and sophisticated? Look no further than these heavenly palmiers! These crispy, buttery cookies are the perfect balance of sweet and savory. 

These French cookies, also known as “elephant ears,” are made by folding puff pastry over a layer of sugar and then slicing and baking the dough until it’s crispy and caramelized.

5. Croissants

Elevate your baking skills to new heights with this amazing French delight. Croissants are amazing sweet brunch recipes that are baked to golden perfection. You will be surprised by its buttery goodness. 

While croissants are traditionally made with a yeast-based dough, you can use puff pastry as a shortcut. Roll out the puff pastry, fold it into layers, and then bake until it’s golden and flaky.

You can serve these croissants plain or fill them with chocolate, jam, or other fillings of your choice.

Top Recipes To Make With Phyllo 

1. Baklava


Baklava is a delicious and indulgent dessert that is popular in many countries around the world. The flaky phyllo dough and the rich, sweet filling make it a truly irresistible dessert.

This sweet pastry is made by layering phyllo dough with a filling of chopped nuts and sweetened with honey or syrup. It is then baked until golden and served in small, triangular pieces.

2. Spanakopita

Spanakopita is a classic Greek dish perfect for a light lunch or as a savory appetizer. Spanakopita is a great choice whether you’re a fan of Greek cuisine or simply looking for a delicious new recipe. 

This savory Greek dish consists of phyllo dough filled with chopped spinach, feta cheese, and seasonings. It is often served as an appetizer or side dish.

3. Phyllo Cup Appetizer

Phyllo Cup Appetizer in Tray

Are you craving a bit of fruit and cream cheese? You guessed it – phyllo cup time! If you’re looking for a fancy-yet-simple appetizer to impress your friends and family, look no further than these oh-so-elegant phyllo cups! 

Phyllo cups can be filled with savory or sweet fillings to create small, bite-sized appetizers. Some popular options include chicken salad, tuna salad, fruit, and cream cheese.

4. Phyllo Pizza Dough

Are you tired of the same old, boring pizza crust? Well, fear not, my pizza-loving friends, because I have the perfect solution – phyllo pizza dough! 

That’s right! This thin, flaky dough is the perfect substitute for traditional pizza dough and will give you a crispy, crunchy crust that will have you returning for more. 

Thin sheets of phyllo dough can be used in place of traditional pizza dough to create a crispy, flaky crust. Top the phyllo with your desired toppings and bake until the crust is golden and the toppings are hot.

5. Phyllo Dough Fruit Tart

Now it’s time for some fruity delicacy. Enjoy the phyllo fruit tart treat made with thin layers of flaky phyllo dough. The pastry dough is filled with your favorite fruits and sweet filling such as pastry cream. 

Phyllo dough can create a crust for a fruit tart or baked fruit pie. Layer the phyllo dough in a tart pan and fill it with a mixture of fruits and pastry cream. 

Can You Substitute Puff Pastry For Phyllo?

Puff Pastry Substitue

Puff pastry and phyllo dough are two different types of pastry that are often used in different dishes. Puff pastry is made from butter and flour, whereas phyllo is a thin, unleavened dough made from flour and water. 

While it is possible to substitute puff pastry for phyllo in some recipes, it’s important to remember that the two types of dough have different textures and flavors. 

Puff pastry is much thicker and richer than phyllo, so it may not provide the same flaky and delicate texture. 

It is generally not a good idea to substitute puff pastry for phyllo in recipes that rely on phyllo’s specific texture and flavor, such as baklava. 

However, puff pastry can substitute phyllo in some savory dishes, where the texture is not as critical. 

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Which Is Healthier?

Puff Pastry Sheet On Clean Surface

When comparing the healthiness of the two types of dough, it’s important to consider a few factors. First, it’s worth noting that puff pastry and phyllo are made from flour, so they contain carbohydrates. 

Puff pastry also contains butter, which adds fat and calories to the dough. Phyllo, on the other hand, is made with flour and water, so it is generally lower in fat and calories than puff pastry.

A dish made with phyllo dough filled with vegetables and lean protein could be a healthier choice than a dish made with puff pastry and high-fat, high-sugar ingredients.

Generally, it’s important to enjoy both types of dough in moderation as part of a well-balanced diet. It’s also a good idea to pay attention to portion sizes and to choose healthier fillings and toppings when making dishes with either type of dough.

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Which Is Tastier?

The tastiness of puff pastry and phyllo dough can depend on what type of recipe you are making. When we talk about puff pastry, the layers of butter and flour in puff pastry expand, or “puff,” when baked, creating a light and flaky texture. 

Phyllo dough is a delicate pastry dough used for desserts and sweets. So, if I have to give full marks to any of them, both the dough types deserve a clap. They both are tasty and give you unique textures to try. 

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Which Is Versatile?

The versatility of puff pastry and phyllo dough is unmatched. However, puff pastry is considered to be more versatile than phyllo dough. You can make croissants, turnovers, tarts, and other dishes with puff pastry. 

Regarding phyllo, it’s limited to only upto making a few sweets due to its flakey texture. So, puff pastry is a clear winner regarding versatility due to its ability to be molded and shaped into various forms.

Puff Pastry Vs. Phyllo | Which Is Better?

Puff pastry and phyllo have distinct characteristics and uses in the kitchen. We compared both the ingredients with each other on various points. So, puff pastry wins the show and gives you a much better variety of options to try in your dishes. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between puff pastry and phyllo?

Puff pastry is made by layering sheets of dough with butter and folding them over each other. Phyllo is a thin, unleavened dough. It’s made by rolling out the dough and brushing it into thin sheets, and it’s known for its delicate and crispy texture.

Can I use puff pastry and phyllo interchangeably?

It depends on the recipe and what you try to achieve with your dish. Puff pastry and phyllo have different textures and characteristics, so they may sometimes be different.

Is puff pastry or phyllo healthier?

Puff pastry and phyllo can be part of a healthy diet in moderation. Puff pastry is typically higher in fat and calories due to the butter used in the dough, while phyllo is lower in fat and calories.

How do I store puff pastry and phyllo?

Puff pastry should be stored in the refrigerator until it’s ready to be used. Phyllo should be covered with a damp cloth or plastic wrap to prevent it from drying. Both puff pastry and phyllo can be frozen for longer storage.

Can I make puff pastry and phyllo at home?

Yes, it is possible to make puff pastry and phyllo at home. Puff pastry requires time and effort, as the dough must be rolled out and folded multiple times. Phyllo dough is simpler, but it can be time-consuming to roll it into thin sheets. Both can also be purchased pre-made at most supermarkets.


It’s no secret that puff pastry and phyllo are both popular ingredients in the kitchen. But when it comes down to who is the ultimate winner, puff pastry steals the show. It wins for two reasons: its versatility and its delicious flavor. 

This article gives you enough information about the comparison. I am thankful to you for reading the whole article. Read more about other Vs. category articles on our blog. 

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