How To Use An Espresso Machine | Step-By-Step Guide

An espresso machine can be a nightmare if you need to learn how to use it correctly. That is why we will learn how to use an espresso machine today. 

How To Use An Espresso Machine

To use an espresso machine, you need to follow the steps below. 

  1. Read the manual to understand the specifics of the espresso machine. A
  2. Prepare the portafilter by filling up the water.
  3. Following this, finely grind the coffee beans. 
  4. Then, use tamping to compress the coffee evenly. 
  5. Finally, begin brewing for 25-30 seconds, and you are good to go!

If you follow the steps with practice, you can become proficient in using an espresso machine. Now, let’s understand the nitty-gritty. 

How Does An Espresso Machine Work? 

An espresso machine uses high pressure to force water through the coffee to make espresso shots within a few seconds. 

Every espresso machine has some basic components, such as the water source, pump, boiler, grinder, steam wand, group head, and portafilter. 

Firstly, we prepare the machine by filling the water reservoir and preheat to achieve better results. After the machine reaches the desired temperature, the coffee beans are ground. The ground coffee is then measured and filled in the portafilter basket. 

To achieve a perfect shot of espresso, I use a tamper to evenly compress the coffee with firm pressure. It helps you with uniform extraction of high-quality express shots. 

After tamping, the hot water runs through the portafilter basket, and the brewing process begins. Coffee drips through the machine, collects in a cup, and is ready to serve. 

How You Can Use An Espresso Machine?

How To Use An Espresso Machine

Let’s dive into the ins and outs of espresso machines and learn how to use them through step-by-step instructions:  

Read The Manual 

I recommend that you read the manual thoroughly to understand the workings of an espresso machine. It will help you understand the machine inside out and ensure that you operate it correctly. 

Above all, the manual can provide valuable insights into the machine’s do’s and don’ts. The comprehensive guide includes the machine’s functionality, tool specifics, brewing process, and troubleshooting steps. 

Moreover, many espresso machines have temperature controls to maintain the ideal brewing conditions. 

It would help to familiarize yourself with the manual to know about these controls and handle any potential issues that may arise while using the machine. Whether adjusting the portafilter or brewing the coffee beans, the manual is your go-to guide.  


Once you are familiar with its operation, begin preparing the machine. Fill the water reservoir to the appropriate level and switch on the machine to start preheating. 

When the machine indicates that the heating process has been completed, you will be all set to brew your espresso. Many espresso machines have advanced features that automatically draw water into the boiler and start the heating process. 

Just remember that the machine boilers are usually set at between 122° C and 125° C and 1.1 to 1.3 bar of pressure. If the water gets too hot, it can burn the coffee grounds and result in unpleasant notes and flavors. 

Moreover, be sure to use filtered water when brewing espresso, as it makes up most of the final beverage. Poor-quality water will lead to scale buildup inside the espresso, resulting in bland espresso. 

Grind The Coffee Beans

Grind The Coffee

The next step is to grind the coffee beans. Most of the espresso machines come with a grinder. It would help if you finely ground the coffee beans to get espresso’s best texture and flavor. 

When looking for espresso machines, I noticed that all good ones have pre-set grinding settings to yield the desired coffee bean powder. If your espresso machine does not have an inbuilt grinder, you need to grind the coffee beans separately. 

If you need clarification on grinding coffee beans at home, you can check the detailed information and find an easy way to do so. Just make sure that the coffee beans’ texture is close to fine sand. 

Furthermore, you can use any coffee to grind the beans for making espresso. However, the type of beans you choose depends on your taste preference. 

Dark-roasted beans are the best coffee beans for the perfect espresso shot. You can also choose Arabica beans or a combination of Arabica and Robusta beans to enjoy the best of both worlds. 

If you are in doubt, go for medium to dark roasted beans, as they will give you a likable espresso flavor and aroma. If you want to enjoy authentic espresso flavors, avoid oily coffee beans or flavored ones. 

Measuring The Coffee

Measure the appropriate amount of ground coffee per serving to make your espresso shot. Then, place the ground coffee in the portafilter basket, ensuring it is evenly spread. 

Make sure to shave away the excess coffee. You need to push it into the nooks and crannies and smooth it down so you can move to the next steps. 

The uniform distribution of ground coffee will help you achieve even extraction and flavorful espresso shots. 

Additionally, you need to be careful what shot basket you use. If you need a single shot of espresso, go for the single-shot basket. Using a double-shot basket for a single shot of espresso may ruin the entire composition of the espresso. 

Tamping The Coffee

How To Use An Espresso Machine

Tamping the coffee is the next important step while making espresso. It is the process where you distribute the coffee beans evenly using a tamping tool. 

A tamper tool is used to even out the surface of the coffee beans. This process may sound very simple, but it is very important in achieving the quality of the espresso shots. 

To tamp the coffee

  • Place the portafilter on a stable surface and hold it firmly with one hand.
  • With the other hand, take the tamper, tap, and apply the downward pressure to the coffee grounds.
  • Apply the pressure for a good 15 seconds. 

This helps you create a uniform surface, ensuring a consistent water flow during espresso extraction. After tamping, you can also use the process of pre-infusion for better results.

It is the process of slowly pouring water into the coffee grounds before full extraction to achieve smoother and more balanced espresso shots. 

Moving forward, there are certain things that you need to avoid while tamping, like: 

  • Overfilling the coffee grounds
  • Not giving enough pressure
  • Quickly lifting the tool
  • Hitting the edges
  • Having gaps or loose spots

After the tamping process, you are ready for the brewing process. 

Start The Brewing Process & Pull The Espresso Shot

How To Use An Espresso Machine

Pulling the espresso shot is probably the best part of brewing espresso. First, the head of the portable filter is fitted back to its original place in the machine. Lock the filter and then place a cup underneath for your espresso. 

Pull the espresso shot and see the espresso dripping down into the cup. You can choose the size of the shot accordingly. This process will take less than 20 to 30 seconds. 

During brewing, I recommend you monitor the flow of the espresso shot in a cup. A steady and even flow indicates the correct extraction of espresso. 

On the other hand, if the extraction is too slow, it may indicate that the coffee grounds are closely and tightly packed. By carefully monitoring the extraction flow, you can fine-tune the brewing process and achieve perfect results. 

The brewing process may differ from machine to machine. There are different types of espresso machines: super-automatics, automatics, manuals, capsules, and stove makers. 

Each type of machine has a different brewing process and time. Therefore, knowing the difference between all types is important before operating an espresso machine.

 Are You Making A Milk-Based Espresso? 

How To Use An Espresso Machine

If you make a milk-based espresso, you may have to follow some extra steps. Firstly, you need to froth the milk to get an excellent frothy milk-based espresso. 

Most machines have a steam wand allowing you to steam your milk. 

To get the perfect foam, keep the steamer wand just below the surface during this process. Heating the milk correctly is crucial.

If the milk is not hot, the foam will not come together; if it is too hot, you may have unwanted burnt notes in your coffee. To ensure you don’t make this mistake, keep the heating temperature around 55–65°C (139–149°F). 

After a while, you will see a lavish foam that will be added to the prepared espresso shot.

If your machine does not have a steam wand, you can use other methods to create froth. For a complete guide on steaming the milk separately, see here. 

Cleaning Your Espresso Machine 

How To Clean An Espresso Machine

Cleaning your espresso machine regularly is super important, and I recommend you do it every time you use it.

To do this, remove the portafilter and group the head to rinse. You can also use a nylon scrubber to clean it. 

One important tip I can give you is to use hot water instead of cold. Hot water works best for rinsing the portafilter, and then you can dry it using a clean towel. 

Moving on, clean the gasket, which is the part of the machine with a rubber-O ring with grooves and a nylon scrubber. 

If your machine has a grinder, you need to clean that, too. Wipe the inside of the hopper each time you empty it to ensure no built-up oils are inside and to prevent clogging. 

Many people skip this, but you should also clean the detachable parts of the machine once a week or every fifteen days. Please read the manufacturer’s instructions before descaling the machine and understand how to hand wash every part. 


By the end, you would have realized the importance of knowing the nitty gritty before using an espresso machine. Prioritizing the water quality, bean storage, uniform coffee grinding, maintaining descaling, and using the pre-infusion technique unlock the full potential of the espresso machine. 

Moreover, let your inquisition take a turn as you experiment with different methods and adjustments. Cheers to your new coffee adventures! Don’t forget to share your experience with us in the comment section below. 

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

What is an espresso machine?

An espresso machine makes espresso shots using steam, pistons, or pumps that force the hot water through the puck of coffee beans. 

What type of coffee do you need for your espresso machine?

You can use any coffee beans for your espresso machine. It is best to go for medium to dark roasted beans to enjoy a flavorful espresso. 

What is the ideal boiler temperature of an espresso machine?

The espresso machine’s boiler temperature should be between 122° C and 125° C and 1.1 to 1.3 bar of pressure. 

What is the difference between espresso and coffee maker?

The espresso machine uses high pressure to force water through the coffee and makes espresso within a few seconds. On the other hand, coffee makers gradually pull water through the filters.

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