Most of us consider cabbage and lettuce as siblings. They are undoubtedly similar in appearance but did you know they belong to different families? Here’s an ultimate cabbage vs. lettuce article to understand the difference between the two.
Cabbage and lettuce are outstandingly filled with vitamins and minerals. The addition of both will maintain the daily intake of nutrients. But cabbage and lettuce serve different purposes.
Lettuce has more water content, whereas cabbage is a fiber-enriched veggie. The former is enriched with minerals such as potassium and iron, whereas the latter has more calcium.
Lettuce is easier to grow and requires less maintenance. The sowing process is simple for lettuce, whereas the cabbage requires more maintenance and space, and it is challenging for beginners to handle cabbage crops.
Before going further, let’s have a little idea about the veggies from the below-mentioned difference table.
Cabbage Vs. Lettuce | Difference Table
|Basis Of Difference||Cabbage||Lettuce|
|Classification||Cabbage is classified as Brassica Oleracea.||Lettuce can be classified as Lactuca Sativa.|
|Appearance||Cabbage is short and bulb head with hard and compacted outer leaves.||The leaves of lettuce have wrinkles and veins.|
|Water Content||Cabbage has about 92% of water content.||Lettuce has 95% of water content, more than cabbage.|
|Texture||Hard outer leaves and soft inner leaves. Cabbage has a crunchy texture.||Lettuce can deliver soft to crisp leaves.|
|Growing Conditions||Cabbage grows in cooler areas.||Lettuce grows in warm areas and sandy soil.|
|Culinary Use||Cabbage can be eaten cooked and raw.||Lettuce is primarily eaten raw.|
|Nutritional Value||Cabbage is rich in fiber, B5 and B6.||Lettuce is rich in vitamins A, E, K, B1, B2, and B3.|
|Shape||Round in shape, compacted, and frilly leaves.||Oblong and has a short stem.|
|Uses||Cabbage can be used as pickles||Lettuce can be used in burgers.|
|Varieties||Green cabbage, cannonball, napa cabbage, bok choy, and savoy.||Crisphead, butterhead, and leaf lettuce.|
|Storage||Cabbage can be stored for a long period.||Lettuce cannot be stored for a long period.|
|Difference In Smell||Cabbage has a strong odor.||Lettuce is odorless.|
|Taste And Flavor||Cabbage has a peppery flavor.||Lettuce has a bitter and mild taste.|
What Is Cabbage?
Cabbage belongs to the Brassicaceae family and can be grouped together with cauliflower, broccoli, collard greens, brussels sprouts, and other cruciferous vegetables. Cabbage is small and round, with a short stem, and forms a bulb-shaped head.
The outer leaves are hard to eat and are tightly packed, whereas the inner leaves are soft. Cabbage is a sulfur-rich compound, thus releasing a strong odor when cooked. It has a peppery flavor and crunchy texture. Cabbage primarily has fiber and is rich in vitamins A, K, C, B5, and B6.
Cabbage is a heavy feeder. Thus, it needs more space and time to grow. It has folic acid and has more calcium, and less sodium. Cabbage can be eaten raw, sauteed, steamed, boiled, cooked, pickled, and fermented.
It is suitable for Indian and Chinese recipes. Cabbage works best with lemon and garlic. Sauteed cabbage serves best with lemon chicken, grilled chicken, and french onion chicken.
What Is Lettuce?
Lettuce belongs to the Asteraceae family. Thus, cabbage can be classified as Brassica Oleracea, whereas lettuce can be classified as Lactuca Sativa. Lettuce has its origin in Egypt and was earlier known for its traditional and medicinal properties.
Lettuce is much greener in appearance as it has more chlorophyll. The leaves of lettuce are loose, wrinkled, and veined. It is rich in water content and thus has a soft texture. It is rich in vitamins A, K, E, B1, B2, and B3 and other minerals like copper, potassium, phosphorus, and iron.
Lettuce is odorless and has a mild taste. Leafy, crisphead, butterhead, stem, and romaine are different varieties of lettuce. Leafy is the common lettuce, whereas stems such as asparagus are best for Chinese cuisine.
Lettuce is widely used as a base for burgers and salads. Lettuce is a cool weather crop; when exposed to heat, it can taste bitter. Lettuce is rich in nitrate, thus reducing the risk of heart attacks.
Cabbage Vs. Lettuce | What’s The Difference?
Let’s now learn about both green leafy vegetables in detail:
Though cabbage and lettuce look similar to each other, they are parts of different families. Cabbage belongs to the Brassicaceae family.
They can be grouped together with cauliflower, broccoli, collard greens, brussels sprouts, and other cruciferous vegetables, whereas lettuce belongs to the Asteraceae family.
Thus, cabbage can be classified as Brassica Oleracea, whereas lettuce can be classified as Lactuca Sativa.
Cabbage is round and short in appearance. They are available in green to red shades but lighter in shade. The outer leaves of cabbage are hard and compacted.
On the other hand, lettuce is quite oblong and soft and has loose, feathered, wrinkled, and veined leaves. Lettuce is dark green and thus has more chlorophyll.
3. Water Content
Both cabbage and lettuce are rich in water content. But lettuce has 95% of water, which makes it softer. In contrast, cabbage has a 92% water content less than lettuce.
Cabbage and lettuce are available in different varieties. Cabbage can be classified as – green cabbage, cannonball, napa cabbage, red kraut, savoy, bok choy, and January king.
One of the most popular types of cabbage is green cabbage. Napa cabbage is sweet and soft. Savoy cabbage is more tender and is ideal for sauteing and stir-frying. Red kraut is suitable for salads. For Chinese cuisine, bok choy serves the best.
On the other hand, leafy, crisphead, butterhead, stem, and cos are different varieties of lettuce. Leafy is the common lettuce, whereas stems such as asparagus lettuce are best for Chinese cuisine.
Crisphead has a crisp texture and tightly packed head. Butterhead has soft leaves and round, loosely packed heads. Romaine has an elongated head. It is a good source of potassium.
5. Types Of Food
Cabbage can be eaten raw, sautéed, steamed, boiled, cooked, pickled, and fermented. It is suitable for Indian and Chinese recipes. Cabbage works best with lemon and garlic.
cabbage serves best with lemon chicken, grilled chicken, and French onion chicken. In contrast, lettuce serves best with salads, pork chops, crispy bacon, sandwiches, burgers, tacos, and blue cheese.
6. Nutritional Value
Both are green leafy vegetables, thus, are loaded with water content and other minerals. Cabbage is loaded with minerals and vitamins such as vitamins C, K, B5, and B6.
It has more fiber than lettuce. Cabbage is a sulfur-rich compound. On the contrary, lettuce has more water content.
It is rich in vitamins A, K, E, B1, B2, and B3 and other minerals such as copper, phosphorus, iron, and potassium.
7. Growing Conditions
Both cabbage and lettuce require different conditions for growing. Cabbage is biannual and grows in cool areas. Soil with a pH level of less than 6.5 serves best for cabbage.
It is more prone to pests and diseases and thus requires regular shifting. It is not easy to grow for beginners. It requires more space and time to grow.
On the other hand, lettuce is an annual crop and grows in warm areas. Sandy soil with a pH level between 6-7 serves best for the growth of lettuce. It also requires regular shifting to prevent pests and diseases.
Cabbage Vs. Lettuce | Which One Is Healthier?
Lettuce and cabbage are highly recommended in your diet as they are rich sources of vitamins and minerals. Cabbage is the primary source of fiber. On the other hand, lettuce has more quantity of vitamin A and water content than cabbage.
Cabbage has sucrose and maltose, whereas lettuce has glucose and fructose. The former is rich in folic acid, and the latter is rich in glutamine and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Cabbage has twice the amount of dietary fiber than lettuce, making it a healthier option. Cabbage is a good option for indigestion and microbial infections. 100 grams of lettuce includes 14 calories, whereas 100 grams has 25 calories. If you have a count on calories, lettuce is suitable for you.
I think cabbage is a healthy veggie to be incorporated into your diet. Cabbage is an excellent source of vitamins C and K. It lowers the risk of certain diseases and improves digestion and inflammation.
Top Recipes To Make With Cabbage
Let’s learn about top recipes that work wonders with cabbage.
1. Cabbage Poriyal
If you are a beginner in cooking, the cabbage Poriyal is the one for you. This recipe is easy to cook. Cabbage Poriyal is a south Indian dish made with cabbage, recipes, and herbs. This recipe is protein enriched, so it has great nutritional value.
Cabbage Poriyal is even loved by kids. You can prepare the entire dish just by stir-frying. It is best to use young cabbage for more flavors. It is delicious and easy to make and can be used with rice or chapatis.
2. Corned Beef And Cabbage
The traditional corned beef with cabbage sounds like a delicious treat. Isn’t it? This recipe is best for special and hearty dinners. Nowadays, it’s commonly related to St. Patrick’s Day. It is simple to make this top-rated dish.
You can prepare this recipe in 2 hours and 30 minutes, which is suitable for 6 servings. To make this recipe, you need only four ingredients: corned beef, red potatoes, carrot, and cabbage.
You can add onions and olives if you want. Serve with vegetables and broth.
3. Cabbage Soup
Cabbage soup is a perfect delight when you are feeling under the weather. This recipe will change your mood instantly. Cabbage soup recipe is tasty, and you can also be creative to enhance its flavor and nutritional value.
You can easily prepare this in 30-35 minutes, which is suitable for eight servings. If you have leftover chicken, you can use it in this recipe and make it more nutritious. You can make it peppery and spicy. Italian sausage would work well too. You can even freeze this soup for about 5 days.
4. Stuffed Cabbage Rolls
If you are looking for a classic dish, then you are at the right place. Cabbage rolls are filled with ground beef and rice in flavored tomato sauce.
This recipe is easy to prepare and takes about 1 house 15 min to prepare. It yields about 8 cabbage rolls.
Just combine the ingredients and make a roll with a cabbage leaf. Place cabbage rolls in a large skillet over medium heat; pour the remaining tomato soup on top.
Cover it with a lid and let it boil on low flame. You can use saurgrout in place of tomatoes, giving a traditional touch to the recipe.
5. Napa Cabbage Salad
Napa cabbage is considered best for the base of many salads because of its extra crunchy texture. Napa cabbage is quite popular in Asian cuisine. This is the simplest dish, and in 30 minutes, it is ready to serve.
For this recipe, all you need is napa cabbage, ramen noodles, butter, oil, and soya sauce. You can replace the ramen noodles with marinated sauteed tempeh, which has fewer calories and fat and more protein. Serve right away, or the crunchies will get soggy.
Top Recipes To Make With Lettuce
Let’s learn about top recipes that work wonders with lettuce.
1. Classic Caesar Salad Recipe
Classic Caesar salad is loved by almost everyone. This recipe includes crispy romaine lettuce tossed with creamy homemade dressings.
The perfect dressing texture can be achieved, without being too heavy, by combining Parmesan cheese, egg yolks, and extra-virgin olive oil.
Another important ingredient is anchovies which are umami-packed cured fish that shouldn’t be skipped. To finish the salad, add black pepper to add peppery touch and some crouton. You can also add chicken breast if you want.
2. Seared Steak Lettuce Cups
This dish is perfect if you are looking for a colorful bowl and crunch; seared steak lettuce cups are perfect. Seared steak lettuce cups is easy and can be prepared in only 15 minutes. Prepare steak salad and divide it into lettuce cups.
Garnish with 2 tablespoons chopped salted roasted peanuts and 2 tablespoons thinly sliced fresh mint leaves. For more flavors, you can add Asian sweet chili sauce.
3. Chicken Salad With Herbs And Aleppo Pepper
If you count on carbs and want something nutritious, then chicken salad with herbs and Aleppo pepper suits you. This dish is a perfect blend of chicken with lots of herbs and lettuce.
Chicken salad with herbs and aleppo pepper is easy to make and can be prepared in 15-20 minutes. Combine lettuce and cilantro leaves with tender stems, garlic, lemon juice, and Aleppo pepper with marinated chicken.
4. Charred Lettuce With Ranch Dressing
This is a perfect combination of crunchy lettuce and crisp bacon with creamy ranch dressing. You can use homemade ranch dressing for this recipe. Charred lettuce with ranch dressing is suitable for the summer season.
For making ranch dressing, combine mayonnaise, buttermilk, chives, garlic and onion granules, and dijon mustard with lemon juice. Whisk together all the ingredients and add seasoning. Sprinkle crispy bacon bits and chives.
5. Butter Lettuce With Burrata And Caper Dressing
One of the creamiest mozzarellas cheese is burrata. It is delicious and has a luxurious texture. Butter lettuce with burrata and caper dressing recipe is simple and easy to prepare. It has about 22 grams of protein and 4.9 grams of fiber.
Make the dressing by whisking all the required ingredients together with seasoning and olive oil.
Place the lettuce leaves into four plates. Tear burrata and spoon over the dressing. Serve it with adding croutons.
Cabbage Vs. Lettuce | Which One Is More Versatile?
Both cabbage and lettuce have vital nutrients and minerals. But when it comes to cooking, cabbage is more versatile than lettuce. Cabbage can be eaten raw, fermented, boiled, pickled, steamed, and sauteed.
On the other hand, lettuce is mostly eaten raw. Cabbage’s texture is tougher than lettuce. Lettuce is a bit mild, whereas cabbage has a peppery and strong flavor. Cabbage even tastes a bit sweet when cooked.
Can We Substitute Cabbage And Lettuce?
Both cabbage and lettuce are green leafy vegetables and have a similar appearance. So, yes, you can substitute cabbage and lettuce for salads or burgers. They can substitute each other where they are not the star ingredient.
But in dishes, such as kimchi which is solely based on cabbage, you must not substitute it with lettuce. Lettuce is suitable for mild flavor but when you need a peppery taste, go for cabbage.
Moreover, cooked cabbage has a sweet taste and is the best option for wrapping things, whereas cooked lettuce barely holds things together.
Cabbage Vs. Lettuce | Which One Is Better?
Cabbage and lettuce are both great options to be included in our diet. They both serve enormous benefits to our health. Cabbage and lettuce are good sources of nutrients.
Lettuce has more water content and is a rich source of vitamin A. On the other hand, cabbage has twice the dietary fiber of lettuce.
Though both are filled with nutrients, cabbage is still a better option than lettuce. Cabbage has more minerals and vitamins. It is significantly rich in vitamin K, and C.
Cabbage is more versatile than lettuce as it can be eaten in different ways, such as boiled, raw, fermented, sauteed, and pickled. Moreover, cabbage is an inexpensive and tasty option to add to your diet.
So these were all the things that you needed to know about cabbage vs. lettuce. I hope you found this article interesting. If you want more such great articles, keep reading. Also, if you have any ideas or suggestions, leave them in the comments. Thanks for reading!
Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQs)
Q1.What is the difference between lettuce and cabbage?
Lettuce is a part of the Asteraceae family, whereas cabbage belongs to the Brassicaceae family. Lettuce is mild and odorless, whereas cabbage has a peppery flavor.
Q2. Can I use cabbage instead of lettuce?
Yes, you can substitute cabbage and lettuce for salads and burgers. You can’t use lettuce instead of cabbage when it is the main ingredient, such as in kimchi.
Q3. How to use cabbage: cooked or raw?
Cabbage can be eaten raw, sauteed, steamed, boiled, cooled, pickled, and fermented.
Q4.Which one has more nutritional value, lettuce or cabbage?
Lettuce is a good source of water content and vitamin A. Cabbage has twice the dietary fiber of lettuce.
Q5.can I store cabbage for a longer period?
Cabbage can be stored for a longer period. Lettuce can’t be stored longer because of the water content, as it has scope for bacterial growth.